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School of Architecture University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
ARCH 371 - Architectural Design Studio - Fall 99
Robert I. Selby, AIA, Associate Professor of Architecture
Kathryn H. Anthony, Ph.D., Professor of Architecture
Your Place, My Place, Their Place
A Housing Environments Studio
This course is an architectural design studio with an emphasis on designing housing environments of different types for different users. Both studio faculty have conducted research to learn how people perceive and use their housing environments. We are fundamentally interested in what factors increase resident satisfaction.
To find out more about Professor Anthony see:
To find out more about Professor Selby see:
This studio will be conducted in association with the East St. Louis Action Research Project. For information on ESLARP see:
Our focus will be on housing in the Emerson Park neighborhood of East St. Louis. ESLARP has been working in Emerson Park for ten years providing design ideas for neighborhood redevelopment, affordable housing, a light rail station, and transit oriented development.
To find out more about Emerson Park’s Development History see:
We have received the following request from the neighborhood group, the Emerson Park Development Corp. (EPDC) to design affordable single family housing for ten families in the Emerson Park Neighborhood of East St. Louis, Illinois. The best of your houses will actually be "blitz" built in the summer of 2000. Accordingly, you will be evaluated on design criteria established by your studio faculty, by building codes, and most importantly, by Emerson Park residents. Your housing ideas need to fit the requirements of residents, they must fit in the neighborhood, they must be affordable, and they still must aspire to high quality design ideals.
You should expect to make several field trips to Emerson Park to meet with your clients, to study the site context, and to meet with representatives of the Emerson Park Development Corporation.
PROGRAM STATEMENT FROM EPDC
The Emerson Park Development Corporation, as part of the Neighborhood Faith-Based Housing Program, is writing to request that a senior or graduate level design studio develop 10 homes which will be built beginning in July of 2000.
EPDC will construct the ten homes next summer for low to very low income families. Advertisements will be placed to recruit families beginning in July 1999. The families will be screened and will complete a homeownership counseling seminar as well as a homebuyer maintenance program. Each family will also be required to establish a savings account. Most of the families are headed by single mothers with two –four children.
EPDC is trying to develop a style of housing for the neighborhood. The residents are interested in continuing the existing style most prevalent in the neighborhood at this time which is a 1920’s, prairie style design with heavy overhangs, porches, and layering that adds character to the smallest of homes. A typical lot in the Emerson Park Neighborhood is 50’-0" x 150’-0" to 190’-0". Lots can be combined to create a 65’-0" frontage as well. See enclosed map for actual lots owned by EPDC.
If the project is approved for a Fall 1999 design studio the requirements for the homes will be as follows:
not larger than 22’-0" x 24’-0",
All plans should be as efficient and as open as possible, due to the size of the rooms, cathedral ceilings can be designed to increase the feeling of the size of the living room and or kitchen areas. Two windows in corner bedrooms will also increase the feeling of the size of the room. Please remember that many of these homes will be constructed by volunteers and therefore the pitches on the roofs should be kept in mind, and be somewhere in the area of 4/12-7/12. Due to the depth of the lots, garages can be detached and behind the homes, but the designer should not expect to use the alleys for access to the property.
Each set of plans will have to have to be sealed by an architect and include a site plan and a full set of construction documents delivered to EPDC not later than the end of February. The walls and trusses will be built by the prisoners at the Hardin County Prison and will require design for 70 MPH wind loads. The typical cost per square foot for residential construction is $55-$65 per square foot in this area.
OTHER PROJECTS AND EXERCISES
We will be offering some "warm up" exercises to sensitize you to housing issues and housing research techniques.
NEIGHBORHOOD PLANNING CONCEPTS
Traditional Neighborhood Design
From Langdon’s A Better Place to Live,
Five Principles of Neighborhood Design (p. 217):
Suburban Town Center Development Principles (p. 220):
Elements for Better Communities (p. 236.):
Fifteen Ways to Fix the Suburbs
(from Newsweek, May 15, 1995.)
References on Housing and Neighborhood Planning
Bacon, Edmund N. Design of Cities. New York: Viking Penguine, 1976. (A father of city planning and the father of Kevin Bacon, film actor.)
Calthorpe, Peter. The Next American Metropolis. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1993.
Chermayeff, Serge and Christopher Alexander. Community and Privacy. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1963. (An important early work on zoning for privacy, a critical environment/behavior issue in housing.)
Cooper-Marcus, Clare and Wendy Sarkissian. Housing as if People Mattered. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. (Focuses on multi-family housing, but many of the environment/behavior issues translate to single family and duplex housing.)
Hayden, Dolores. Redesigning the American Dream: The Future of Housing, Work, and Family Life. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1984.
Jones, Tom et al. (Eds.) Good Neighbors: Affordable Family Housing. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995. (A good reference for discovering who lives in affordable family housing, factors influencing affordable family housing design, and useful design guidelines.)
Katz, Peter. The New Urbanism: Toward an Architecture of Community. San Francisco: McGraw-Hill, 1994. (An extremely important reference on neo-traditional design.)
Kidder, Tracy. House. New York: Avon Books, 1985. (Reads like a novel. Describes an actual history of design and building a new house. Maybe put this on your summer reading list.)
Langdon, Philip. A Better Place to Live. New York: HarperCollins, 1995. (Also an important reference on new urbanism.)
Lynch, Kevin and Gary Hack. Site Planning. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1984. (The classic "bible" of site planning, community planning.)
Moore, Charles, Gerald Allen, Donlyn Lyndon. The Place of Houses. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1987.
Newman, Oscar. Defensible Space. New York: Collier Books, 1973.
Olgyay, Victor. Design with Climate. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963. (The "bible" of "bioclimatic" design.)
Porterfield, Gerald A. and Kenneth B. Hall, Jr. A Concise Guide to Community Planning. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995. (A good "pattern book" for community planning ideas.)
Wentling, James. Designing a Place Called Home: Reordering the Suburbs. New York: Chapman & Hall, 1995 (An excellent book of prototypes, good graphics with well reasoned text.)
Wright, Rodney, Sydney Wright, Bob Selby, Larry Dieckmann. The Hawkweed Passive Solar House Book. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1980.