UP 378 Community Development Workshop in Alta Sita


UP 378


Scope of Sevices

Work Plan

Tool Kit

Neighborhood Information

ASNI Communication

LA 338

ARCH 374


Course Description:

More than 2,000 community development corporations have been established in the United States since 1965. These community-based organizations have played an increasingly important role in expanding the supply of jobs, affordable housing and social services in many low-income urban communities. Supported by local religious organizations, financial institutions, regional foundations and municipal governments, community development corporations have emerged as the primary organizational vehicles for neighborhood stabilization and community revitalization in many U.S. cities. The increasingly important role which these non-profit organizations play in the urban development plans of municipal government has served to transform community planning into one of the fastest growing specializations within the urban planning profession.

UP 378 Community Development Workshop introduces students to the community development practice, from an empowerment planning perspective, by offering participants the opportunity to collaborate with East St. Louis residents in the completion of a comprehensive redevelopment plan for a severely distressed neighborhood. Workshop students will cooperate with leaders of East St. Louis's Alta Sita Neighborhood Association in designing a five-year revitalization plan for their community. Workshop participants will be introduced to core theories and methods of neighborhood planning; will formulate a research design and scope of services to investigate existing conditions; will collect and analyze data needed to devise effective solutions to local problems that build on available community assets; and will produce planning documents local leaders can use to guide their future revitalization efforts.

Throughout the semester, UP 378 students will have the opportunity to work closely with students enrolled in LA 338 and ARCH 374 who will be assisting the workshop in developing physical designs that address local environmental problems, enhance neighborhood aesthetics, expand affordable housing options and promote safer streets. This interdisciplinary aspect of UP 378 will prepare students for future professional roles where such collaboration with other design professionals is quite common.

Course Objectives:

UP 378 Community Development Workshop has been designed to assist students in achieving the following educational objectives:

1.) Expose planning and design students to critical environmental, economic, social and political problems confronting residents of our state's most distressed urban neighborhoods;

2.) Introduce students to the principles and practice of contemporary community development  from an empowerment planning perspective;

3.) Enhancing the community development knowledge and skills of participating students through active involvement in the design, implementation and evaluation of a challenging neighborhood planning project for an actual partner;

4.) Offer planning students the opportunity to gain experience working in interdisciplinary teams to solve important urban problems undermining the quality of urban life;

5.) Engage students in an ongoing dialogue regarding how local, state, and federal urban policies can be changed to further enhance the organizational capacity of community-based development organizations serving distressed urban communities, such as East St. Louis.

Course Structure:

UP 378 will meet for two hours each Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. Wednesday classes will feature lectures on assigned syllabus topics followed by class discussions of related readings. Thursday classes will involve workshop students in joint project planning, survey design, data collection/entry and policy analysis activities with architecture and landscape architecture students participating in the project. Fridays will engage students in disciplinary-oriented activities related to the comprehensive planning process. Frequent field trips to East St. Louis will be required for all workshop participants. These trips will typically begin on Friday mornings at 7 am and will conclude on Saturday evenings before 8 pm. All travel, food and lodging expenses necessitated by these trips will be funded by the College of Fine and Applied Arts' East St. Louis Action Research Project.

Course Schedule:

Week Date  Topics/Readings

1)    1/20  America's New Urban Poverty

Wilson, William Julius. 1996, "From Institutional to Jobless  Ghettos" and "Societal Changes and Vulnerable     Neighborhoods," in When Work Disappears: The Work of the New Urban Poor. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 3-50.

2)    1/27  Promoting Community-Based Development

Glickman, Norman J. and Lisa J. Servon. 1997. "More Than Bricks and Sticks: What is Community Development   Capacity?" New Brunswick: Center for Urban Policy     Research, Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey,
pp 1-39.

Lemann, Nicholas. 1994. "The Myth of Community Development," in The New York Times Magazine, January    9, 1994, pp. 28-31, 50, 54,60.

3)    2/3  Pursuing an Empowerment Approach to Community Development Planning

Reardon, Kenneth M. 1998. "Enhancing the Capacity of  Community-Based Organizations in East St. Louis," in the Journal of Planning Education and Research, 17:323-333.

4)    2/10  Establishing a Sustainable Community Development Planning Partnership

Anderson, Larz T. 1995. "Phase I: Identify the Client andParticipants; Draft and Review the Planning Program," in Guidelines for Preparing Urban Plans. Chicago: APA Planners Press, pp. 25-44.

5)    2/17  Collecting and Reviewing Available Study Area Data

Porterfield, Gerald A. and Kenneth B. Hall, Jr. 1995.  "Groundwork: Where Do I Begin?" in A Concise Guide to    Community Planning. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., pp. 21-36.

6)    2/24  Understanding the Built Environment

Jacobs, Alan B. 1985. "Clues," in Looking at Cities.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, p. 30-83.

7)     3/3  Studying the Social Organization of the Community

Kretzman, John P. and John L. McKnight. 1993. "Releasing the Power of Local Associations and Organizations," in  Building Communities From the Inside Out. Chicago:    ACTA Publications, Inc., pp. 109-142.

Thomas, June Manning and Reynard N. Blake, Jr. 1996.   "Faith-Based Community Development and the African
American Community," in Revitalizing Urban Neighborhoods, edited by W. Dennis Keating, Norman Krumholz and Philip Star. Lawrence: The University Press of Kansas, pp. 131-147.

8)    3/10  Learning from the Residents

Whyte, William F. and Kathleen King Whyte. 1984.     "Interviewing Strategy and Tactics," and "Recording,     Indexing and Evaluating Data," in Learning from the Field:    A Guide from Experience. Newbury Park: Sage Publications Inc., pp. 97-112, 113-127.

9)    3/15-22 SPRING BREAK

10)  3/24  Analyzing the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Confronting a Neighborhood (SWOT Analysis)

Jones, Bernie. 1990. "The Substance of the Plan," in     Neighborhood Planning: A Guide to Citizens and  Planners.  Chicago: Planners' Press, pp. 39-100.

11)  3/31  Preparing the Planning Document

Gregory, Michelle. 1996. Anatomy of a Neighborhood Plan: An Analysis of Current Practice. Chicago: APA Growing Smart Working Paper, pp. 1-25.

Anderson, Larz T. 1995. "Phase V: Prepare, Review and    Adopt District Plans," in Guidelines for Preparing UrbanPlans. Chicago: APA Planners Press, pp. 127-150.

12) 4/7  Developing a Program Budget

Cozzetto, Don A., Mary Grisez Kweit, and Robert A. Kweit. 1995. "The Search for a Budget Theory," in Public Budgeting: Politics, Institutions and Processes. White Plains: New York, pp. 188-222.

13) 4/14  Financing Your Community Development Plan

Bartsch, Charles. 1995. "Government and Neighborhoods:Programs Promoting Community Development," in Exploring Urban America: An Introductory Reader, edited by Roger W. Caves. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage    Publications Inc., pp. 285-327.

14) 4/21  Mobilizing Community Support for Your Plan

Cortes, Jr., Ernesto. 1993. Reweaving the Fabric: The Iron Rule and the IAF Strategy for Power and Politics, inInterwoven Destinies: Cities and the Nations, edited by  Henry G. Cisneros. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, pp. 294-319.

15) 4/28  Evaluation of Local Community Development Programs

Briggs, Xavier de Souza, Elizabeth J. Mueller and Mercer Sullivan. 1997. "Executive Summary," in From Neighborhood to Community: Evidence on the Social Effects of Community Development. New York: The New School for Social Research, pp. 1-23.

16) 5/5  Vidal, Avis C. 1997. "Can Community Development Re-Invent Itself? The Challenges of Strengthening Neighborhoods in the 21st Century," in the Journal of the    American Planning Association, Volume 63, Number 4,    Autumn, pp. 429-438.

Course Texts:

A master copy of the course reader is available in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning's Mailroom for student copying. A copy code can be purchased from Glenda Fisher in Room 111 of   Temple Buell Hall during regular business hours.

East St. Louis Monitor Newspaper (a weekly) will be placed in the DURP mail room for student reading.

Course Requirements:

1.     Regular attendance and active participation in each workshop class.
2.     Timely completion of all assigned readings and preparation for classroom discussion of these items.
3.     Active participation in all East St. Louis field work activities and community meetings.
4.     Written contribution to the Alta Sita Neighborhood Improvement Plan.
5.     Effective oral presentation of the plan before a mixed audience of peers, faculty, community residents and municipal officials.

Course Grading:

1.     Workshop attendance and participation   15%
2.     Written assignments on assigned readings  15%
3.     Contribution to East St. Louis fieldwork efforts  30%
4.     Quality of written contributions to Alta Sita Plan   30%
5.     Effective oral presentation of Alta Sita Plan   10%

Digital Planning Resources:

UIUC's East St. Louis Action Research Project maintains an impressive web site with a wealth of information regarding East St. Louis and its people. You should take full advantage of the resources available through this site by visiting:


Information of particular relevance for our workshop project has been  posted at the following location for your convenience:


For information regarding our sister courses in architecture and landscape  architecture please visit:


Other Important Course Information:

Our Community Partner
Dr. Helen Hudlin
Alta Sita Neighborhood Association
3136 Virginia Place
East St. Louis, Illinois 62207
(618) 274-0536
ESLARP's Neighborhood Technical Assistance Office
Mr. Craig Miller
Acting Director
Neighborhood Technical Assistance Center
348 R Collinsville Avenue
East St. Louis, Illinois
(618) 271-9605

Latonya Burton
Community Planner
Neighborhood Technical Assistance Center
348 R Collinsville Avenue
East St. Louis, Illinois
(618) 271-9605

ESLARP Campus Staff
Mr. Thomas Shields
Project Coordinator
East St. Louis Action Research Project
325 Noble Hall
Champaign, Illinois 61820
(217) 265-0202

Mr. Abhijeet Chavan
Project Coordinator
East St. Louis Action Research Project
417 Noble Hall
Champaign, Illinois 61820
(217) 244-6076

Deanna Koenings
Information Systems Staff
East St. Louis Action Research Project
417 Noble Hall
Champaign, Illinois 61820
(217) 244-6076

Document author(s) : Cathy Klump
Last modified: 4-Feb-99, C. Klump