Sandusky Barrel

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Since 1892, the Sandusky (Ohio) Cooperage and Lumber Company has operated a chain of barrel shops in the Midwest. The local shop and storage warehouse has existed since 1922.

The barrel staves are unloaded onto dollies, having a capacity of 30 bundles each, piled to permit free circulation of air. As received, the staves contain 13-15 percent moisture, which is too great for first-class barrels. The staves are moved into drying kilns where the moisture content is reduced to about six percent. This takes about six to ten days.

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The dry staves, on dollies, are then trucked to the machine room for manufacture into barrels. They first pass through the tongue and groove machine; then to the raiser where the staves, by means of heavy steel hoops and a flexible cable, are shaped; then to drums, called heaters, where the heat applied sets the staves so that the barrels will retain their shape.

From the heater the barrels move to the crozer where the croze is cut and the staves evened. The croze is the slot into which the heading is fitted. They then go to the heading machine for headings, and the top and bottom hoops; then from this machine to the re-driver for the bilge hoops and inspection before they are placed in storage.

As a companion to the slack barrels, the local plant also manufactures a plywood drum, a patented product used where an easy opening top is desired, and light weight steel drums.




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